- Women represented the majority of the enrolled population at undergraduate schools ever since 1978.
- Women today represent 57.5% of the total enrolled undergraduate population.
- Women represented the majority of the enrolled population at graduate and professional schools ever since 1984.
- Women today represent 60% of the total enrolled population at graduate and first-professional schools.
- Between 1976 and 2005, female enrollment in graduate programs increased 112 percent (from 619,000 to 1.3 million).
- Male enrollment fluctuated but increased 23 percent overall (from 714,000 to 877,000).
- Between 1976 and 2005, female enrollment in first-professional programs increased 207 percent (from 54,000 to 167,000).
- Male enrollment fluctuated but had an overall decrease of 11 percent (from 190,000 to 170,000).
- Women now make up only about 30% of the enrollment at graduate schools of business in the U.S.
Council of Graduate Schools:
The most popular graduate degrees (male and female, combined) are earned in:
- social sciences
- health sciences
- physical sciences
For doctoral degrees, the most popular field (since the early 1990's) has been:
- Women account for 74 percent of education students.
- Men account for 57 percent of enrollment in business programs.
- The fields of engineering, physical sciences and business enroll the highest percentages of men.
- The health sciences, public administration and education attract the highest percentages of women.
Today, women earn:
- 67 percent of education doctorates
- 26 percent of physical science degrees and
- 18 percent of engineering degrees, according to a federal survey.
Women are also the majority of doctoral candidates in the
- social sciences
- humanities and
- life sciences, for the first time ever.