The Association of American Medical Colleges annually publishes data regarding applicants and first year enrollees in US medical schools, by gender.
In 2011, women represented 47.0% (9,037) first year enrollees compared to 53.0% (10,193) for men. (Total first year enrollees were 19,230.)
In 2011, women represented 47.3% (20,780) applicants compared to 52.7% (23,135) men. (Total applicants were 43,919.) Applicants reached an all time high in 2011.
The percentage shares of women to men in both categories have remained relatively constant over the ten year time span.
Enrollment of women has increased 16.1% since 2001, compared to an overall increase of 18.8% for men over the same period.
Women first year applicants have increased 29.1% since 2001, compared to an overall increase of 33% for men over the same period.